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Harvey Cushing Professorship in Neurosurgery

CushingHarveyHARVEY CUSHING is considered the founder of modern neurosurgery and one of the most influential doctors in the history of medicine. When he arrived at Hopkins in 1896, he brought with him an X-ray machine, a device that had been invented only the year before. Dr. Cushing introduced the use of X-rays in preparation for surgery and the practice of monitoring blood pressure during surgery, discovered the function of the pituitary gland, founded the medical specialty of endocrinology, and opened the nation’s first experimental surgery laboratory. He was a member of the Hopkins faculty until 1912.